The Republic of Malta is an archipelago that can be found in the Mediterranean Sea. Malta’s location has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base, and a succession of powers, including the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans, Sicilians, Spanish, Knights of St. John, French and British, have ruled the islands. The island became the most bombed place on the planet during the Second World War; and the island and it’s people were awarded the George Cross for their bravery; something which is still shown on the nation’s flag to this day. Malta became an independent nation in 1964 and became a republic a decade later, in 1974. In 2004 Malta joined the European Union and in 2008 they adopted the Euro as their official currency. The official languages of the nation are English and Maltese and the population is of around 400,000 people; making it the most densely populated country in Europe, and one of the most densely populated country in the world.